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Risks of Transboundary River Pollution Incident in China and Countermeasures

Authors: Ren yong, Guo dongmei, Tian chunxiu, Li xia, Chen gang, Mao xianqiang,
Shang hongbo, Tang dingding, Wang lijiu, Li liping, Tu yingYan , Zhang lei,
Xu xiaotian, Liu shengqiang, Liu ning, Lu fei
Environment and Economic Policy Research Center of Environmental Protection Department
Abstract:
(1) It makes a systematic summary and an evaluation of the transboundary river pollution incident on the disposal of the international experience and the Enlightenment, and defines scientifically the meaning of cross-border rivers.

(2) Based on the comprehensive on-the-spot investigation , it makes a systematic induction, analysis and evaluation about the basic information, water quality, risk of water pollution events for the first time of the 9 main transboundary rivers in northeast China , northwest China and southwest China , namely, Argun River and Heilongjiang River, Ussuri, Suifenhe, Irtysh, Ili, Yalu River, Tumen River and the Lancang - Mekong River.It provides a scientific basis in time for the environmental management of foreign policy and domestic environment.

(3) It puts forward innovatively "natural strength " and "social strength" concepts in water pollution and puts them into the risk analysis of integrated cross-border river pollution incidents. It has laid the methodological basis for our environment, foreign policy and strategic research.

(4) It makes a comprehensive, in-depth review and analysis of cross-border river pollution incident related to disposal of bilateral, regional and multilateral international law and mechanisms and provides the basis for the establishment of the environmental foreign policy.

(5) Finally, it puts forwards the overall strategy and operable series of specific recommendations and measures of " Attach great importance to the risk of incidents, based on domestic situations, use cooperation theory ” to deal with the risks of cross-border river pollution incidents.

Key words: river; water pollution; events; risk; strategy